Diet Food List For Bleeding Hemorrhoids


What to avoid on the table
Astringent foods
What about lemon?
Irritating foods
Diet for hemorrhoids
Aid from physical activity
A very common and annoying disorder that can be countered with a healthy diet and an active lifestyle, but before complications arise.

Improperly, the term hemorrhoids often refer to dilations of the veins (varices) of the anus and rectum due to constitutional, family, and environmental factors.

To be more precise, hemorrhoids are anatomical structures that we all have in the anal area: these are three hemorrhoidal pads or columns (also called gavoccioli) present in the anal canal (two on the right and one on the left), formed by a sort of ball of blood vessels, through which the blood circulates, and fixed by fibrous ligaments that keep them adhering to the anal wall.

The amount of blood that enters and exits is regulated by very small valves which, consequently, favorthe swelling and deflation of these pads. When hemorrhoids undergo dilation there is the so-called
hemorrhoidal disease which, as anticipated, can depend on various factors, including constitutional and family, as well as environmental.

Among the former there is reduced elasticity of the venous walls and circulatory problems, while among the latter we find:

disordered eating habits
a diet too high in fat and low in fiber
chronic constipation
very strenuous jobs or sports that force you to stand for a long time
sedentary lifestyle.

In particular, hemorrhoidal pathology seems to be particularly favored by all those factors capable of causing relaxation and a breakdown of the supporting ligaments of the hemorrhoids, especially when the intrarectal pressure increases (like when pushing hard). With the relaxation of the tissues, the blood vessels dilate (a condition further favored by any diseases or disorders of the circulation, including a malfunction of the small valves that regulate the swelling level of the hemorrhoids) whereby the bearings become enlarged and also the mucous membrane that it coats the internal mucous membranes ends up weakening, tears and bleeds.


Hemorrhoids can stay for a while without giving symptoms, but when the affected area becomes inflamed, the discomfort begins:
tenesmus (continuous feeling of having to evacuate or insufficient evacuation)
swelling around the anus
pain in defecation.

In the most difficult and neglected cases, complications can occur: major bleeding, anal fissures (fissures of the skin around the anus), and intense pain, which make the evacuation difficult and troubled. Furthermore, a prolapse may appear: the hemorrhoids move and slide, coming out on the anal margin. Prolapse, which can reach various degrees, is often accompanied by a sense of discomfort and heaviness at the level of the anus.
In the worst cases, surgery may be necessary which may not be conclusive, persisting the basic cause, which is almost always constipation. That is, all that can induce constipation (sedentary lifestyle, various foods, and drugs).

What to avoid on the table

The two worst enemies of our hemorrhoidal veins are astringent foods (which absorb water) and irritating ones. Both hurt the walls of the intestine and rectum and on those of the vessels.

Astringent foods

They are foods that have non-digestible components that tend to absorb water increasing in volume and thus causing a relaxation of the walls of the colon.
In this way, they prevent the normal contraction, necessary to push the slag to the lower part of the intestine where the stool will form. The feces can become dehydrated and accumulate becoming difficult to expel, thus requiring an abnormal effort that can favor the appearance of hemorrhoids.
In this regard, we are on the alert: wheat bran, known for its beneficial effects against constipation can, in some cases, become too bulky aggravating the situation.

To prevent this from happening, it is best to avoid astringent foods such as:
dried fruit
aged, fatty and fermented cheeses
canned goods
too fatty sweets and dehydrated eggs found for example in mayonnaise and industrially produced sweets.

What about lemon?

The astringent power of lemon juice has been known since ancient times. However, if a few drops of lemon juice is added to a large glass of water to be consumed every morning on an empty stomach, and a few minutes before sitting at the table for the main meals, the intestine seems to regain physiological regularity, to the full advantage even hemorrhoids.

Irritating foods
As for the foods that cause irritation and inflammation in the intestine - and which can, therefore, aggravate the hemorrhoidal symptomatology - the subjective factor must be considered.
In practice, the same foods could be well tolerated by one person suffering from hemorrhoids and, on the contrary, become annoying for another.

Generally considered irritating to the mucous membrane of the intestine:
cocoa (and also chocolate)
spices (mustard and pepper in particular) and of course also spicy foods in general
tomatoes and spicy tomato sauces (ketchup)
carbonated drinks

To these are added too salty foods, sausages, greasy sauces, fries (fried and fried). As condiments better to opt for olive oil or flaxseed oil and apple cider vinegar.
In general spicy foods are considered irritating. The red pepper, however, contrary to popular belief, could even have an anti-inflammatory action. But it should be used in moderation, preferably in powder form and after cooking. However, even in this case, what matters is listening: the reaction is subjective.

Even ginger, although considered a spicy food by the presence of gingerol, is often recommended for those with hemorrhoids, not only for its alleged anti-inflammatory action but because it seems capable of promoting (like garlic ) the cleavage of a protein (fibrin), which intervenes in the coagulation processes, facilitating the repair of tissues and blood vessels.

Diet for hemorrhoids

Since constipation is one of the factors that can promote and / or worsen hemorrhoids, it is better to enrich one's diet with foods rich in fiber, with laxative and regularizing effects on intestinal transit. Instead, refined foods should be avoided or limited, because the process they undergo tends to eliminate most of the fibers.

In fact, for a correct intestinal activity, a regular supply of fiber, quantifiable in about 25-30 grams per day, basically guaranteed by the "famous" five portions of daily fruit and vegetables. However, one should not exaggerate because the fibers can have an irritating effect on the intestinal mucosa.

As for fruit, almost all types are fine, but in particular:

The ideal is to consume it fresh and, when possible, with the peel, where the greatest amount of fiber is concentrated.
Also about vegetables, the choice is varied, although green leafy vegetables (chicory, spinach, beets for example) and artichokes are particularly useful. Legumes and cereals (such as oat flakes) are also excellent sources of fiber: the former is useful both fresh and dried, while the latter is better aimed at whole grains (also pasta and bread are preferable on the whole version).
Valuable is then yogurt and fermented milk containing probiotics, that is, good bacteria that thicken the host of intestinal flora, thus allowing to maintain their balance, promoting regular intestinal activity.

Even water has a fundamental role: it keeps them soft and hydrated stool and allows the fibers to perform their laxative action. It is necessary to drink a liter and a half or two a day, preferably at room temperature and in small sips, especially between meals, starting with one or two glasses in the morning as soon as you wake up and just before going to bed.

Against hemorrhoids it may be useful to include berries (such as blueberries and currants) in your diet, rich in antioxidants, in particular anthocyanins, which strengthen the connective tissue that supports the blood vessels, thus improving their elasticity, and have an antihemorrhagic action.
It is also important to choose foods rich in iron because, with hemorrhoidal bleeding, you can lose a lot of this mineral; they are rich in it, in particular:

Food / Iron content (mg / 100 g)
Red meats (Horse meat: 3.9)
Bovine liver (8.8)
Some fish (Salmon: 0.8, Cod: 0.38, Tuna: 1.25)
Clams (Mussels: 5.8, Oysters: 6)
eggs (1.5)
Dried vegetables (Beans: 5, This: 6)

Help also from physical activity

Carrying out regular physical activity is important, not only to counteract a sedentary lifestyle, which is one of the triggers of hemorrhoidal disease but also to help you lose weight and thus cure any obesity or overweight, conditions that can favor the appearance of hemorrhoids. Moving, however, also stimulates intestinal regularity and counteracts constipation.
However, it is necessary to opt for a moderate practice, which does not excessively strain the abdominal muscles by increasing the internal pressure: no, for example, to jumps and weight lifting, yes to walking and swimming.
If there is a prolapse, sports that require sitting (cycling, horse riding, for example) and that can be annoying must also be avoided.

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